Java Plum plant: What is it and benefits (2022)

The beautiful and mystical Indian country is home to an evergreen Java plum plant. There are many names for this plum, including black plum, Malabar plum, jambolan, and jamun.

As well as in India, this tree can also grow in neighboring Asian countries.

Java Plum trees can reach heights of 29-30 meters (99 feet) under suitable conditions.

It is common for them to live more than 100 years.

The plant prefers a tropical climate with 1800+meters altitude and does not produce fruit in cooler climates.

Draw Java Plum tree

Besides being delicious, the fruits of this plant are also highly beneficial.

Let’s explore this plant in more detail.

Java plum plant: Characteristics 

Sweet and sour in taste, this tree belongs to the Myrtaceae family (the myrtle family).

Java plums can survive droughts and dry land, but they can also withstand heavy flooding. Strong winds won’t harm it because of its stability and deep roots. Sunlight is essential for Java plum, therefore the more sunlight the better.

There is value in every part of this plant. Besides being waterproof, the leaves of the tree act as cattle fodder. Humans and animals can both eat and benefit from the fruit. Alternative medicine has used Java plum seeds for centuries as well.

Its leaves are oval, smooth  and its flowers are light pink in color.

Leaves Java plum plant

The fruits are ovoid and green when ripe, but turn dark purple when ready for harvesting.

The Java plum seed is quite large, and it is often used as a supplement in the treatment of diabetes.

The plant grows rapidly; in less than 40 years, it can reach its maximum height. It is certainly a lot judging from our perspective, but time is relative.

This tree produces great shade due to its height and density of leaves. When properly maintained, it can also be used as a fence in yards.

There is a rough texture to the bark of this plant, which is gray in color. Open wounds can heal with the juice from the bark.

As it is difficult to process and finish, this wood is rarely used for furniture. Yet, its durability makes it an excellent construction material.

Java plum environments and places

Java plum is an evergreen tropical plant.

Winter-free areas are safe places for this plant to grow. Cold temperatures are definitely not the perfect environment. Plants below 0 degrees Celsius can die easily, but older plants can recover quickly.

Java plum big tree

Mountainous and clay areas are suitable for them. Yet, they thrive in high rainfall areas.

A tree planted below 700 meters will not bear fruit. However, the thick shade it provides can rely on the dense leaves and tall stems.

Java plum health benefits 

Astringent, carminative, and diuretic properties make the seeds and fruit highly valuable. It has shown to be useful for diabetes and lowering blood sugar levels. 

Asians use the seeds and bark to treat dysentery and hyperglycemia and glycosuria. The bark juice is also great for treating wounds and spleen enlargement. 

Children’s thrush, diarrhea, dysentery as well as irregular menstruation can be corrected with the proper intake of the infusion. 

As far as mouth ulcers go, the bark acts as a gargle to strengthen gums and teeth. Fruits may laso relieve diarrhea and colic.

Medicinal properties can occur in the sulfate pulp produced from the wood. 

Epilepsy can sometimes be treated with the roots of the plant.
Let’s take a closer look.

Diabetic prevention

Java plum juice is one of the best supplements for diabetic ailments. Despite the fruit’s pulp, the seeds play a much greater role in the fight against diabetes than the pulp. By converting sugars into energy, they maintain diabetes patients’ blood sugar levels at an optimum level. 

Weight Loss Assistance

In the summer, this plant makes a great healthy snack if you’re trying to lose weight. Add jamuns to fruit snacks for added taste and nutrition.

Reduced cancer risk

The phytochemicals found in jamuns, such as polyphenols, are extremely powerful. Their anthocyanin content protects against cancer, heart disease, and stroke.

Improved Oral Health

Bad breath and bleeding gums seem to heal with the help of Java plum plant. It is effective to use the pulp and juice of fruits as mouthwashes to treat gingivitis.

Digestion Improvement

Digestion can be greatly improved by this plant. In addition to treating diarrhea, it may also help regulate bowel movements. Spleen enlargement and urine retention may also improve with jamun juice.

Defends against infections

Its malic acid, tannins, gallic acid, oxalic acid, and botulinum acid fight various bacteria.

Pain-relieving home remedy

The use of this tree for stomach pain and arthritis goes back thousands of years. Besides easing digestive issues, the fruit may also help relieve flatulence.

This fruit offers some amazing benefits, doesn’t it?

Propagation process

Seeds and vegetative propagation are both used to propagate jamun. Because of polyembryony, it is true to its parents via seed. Despite some success with vegetative propagation, seed propagation still dominates. In spite of this, seed propagation leads to late flowering and fruiting.

Java plum young plant

It usually takes between 10 and 15 days for seeds to germinate. During spring or the monsoon season, seedlings are transplanted.

Plant treatment

At the age of 8 to 10 years, Java plum trees begin to bear fruit. It will take between four and seven years for grafted branches to bear fruit.

Young Java plum flower

It is not necessary to prune jamun on a regular basis. After a few years, the twigs and branches that have crossed each other are removed. For best results, allow the branches of the plants to grow above 60-100 cm from the ground.

The planting process

Java plum trees are planted in spring between February and March. 

Generally, trees planted in February-March suffer from mortality due to the unfavorable weather conditions in May and June soon after planting, so the latter season is considered better.

Fertilizing

Manure is generally not applied to Java plum trees. In spite of the fact that they require manuring and are responsive to it, they can survive quite a bit of neglect. During planting season, apply 19 kg of manure per tree, and 75 kg as the tree bears fruit.

Fruit-bearing trees graft or bud after 6 to 7 years, and seedlings take 8 to 10 years. Trees grow more vegetatively in rich soils, delaying fruit production. Trees with such a tendency shouldn’t be fertilized in September and October.

The training and pruning process

This tree does not require regular pruning. The branches are crossed and the dry twigs are removed in later years. A plant’s framework of branches should develop above 60 to 100 cm from the ground during training.

Yield and harvest

A seedling plant bears fruit in 8 to 10 years, whereas a grafted plant bears fruit in 6 to 7 years. In June and July, the fruit ripens. Deep purple or black color characterizes ripe fruit at full size. It is best to pick the fruit when it is ripe, since it cannot be preserved on the tree. Hand-picked ripe fruits are slung on the shoulders. Fruits should be handled carefully to avoid any damage.

Approximately 80 to 100 kg of fruit are produced per year from a seedling tree and 60 to 70 kg from a grafted one.

Problems caused by insects

Leaf-eating caterpillars and white flies cause serious damage to trees.

Plant eat by insects

White fly 

There are jamun trees that are damaged in every part of India by it. The surface of affected fruits appears wormy. The following methods can be used to control white fly.

  1. You should remove and destroy all fruits that are affected.
  2. Dig up the soil around the tree trunk to disturb the maggots and pupae hiding in the soil.
  3. Trees should be kept in sanitary conditions.

Caterpillars that eat leaves 

Coimbatore is the only place where this caterpillar can be found. Trees may become defoliated after being infested with the insect. 

Water supply

The interval between irrigations can be greatly reduced as Java plum plants grow. During the first few years of a tree’s life, it is necessary to irrigate it eight to ten times. In May and June, mature trees require about half that number of applications. The soil may need to be irrigated only occasionally during the autumn and winter months. As a result, the trees will also be protected from frost damage in the winter.

This plant can be used in a variety of ways

In addition to its medicinal properties, this plant can be used in other ways. 

For example:

Preparing food with Java pluum plant

In addition to being eaten raw, jambolan fruits may also be made into sauces or jams. A fruit salad or juice can be made from the fruits.

You can find many recipes online.

Raw fruits are safe to eat

Raw fruit contains 83% water, 16% carbohydrates, 1% protein, and no fat. 100 grams of raw fruit contains just 60 calories, along with moderate levels of vitamin C. 

Raw Fruit of Java Plum

Java Plum Questions and Answers

Listed below are some common questions and their answers.

What is the fruiting period for Java plums?

At the age of 8 to 10 years, Java plum trees begin to bear fruit. Fruit will appear after 4 to 7 years on grafted branches.

What is the best way to care for a Java plum? 

Your local box store probably sells a well-drained potting mix that is suitable for Java Plum Trees. Avoid arid or muddy soils.

Is it possible to grow Java plum in pots?

Patio containers are an excellent place for Java Plum plant to grow. A container with a diameter of 45 to 76 cm and a depth of 35 cm should be sufficient for growth.

What is the taste of Java plum?

The fruit provides subtle sweetness, tartness, and sourness combined with astringency.

Jamun plants require special care. How should they be handled?

Waterlogged and salinity-tolerant, Jamun grows poorly on heavy and light sandy soils. Soil moisture should remain in the field for better fruit growth. pH ranges between 6.5 and 7.5 are ideal for these trees.

Do jamuns grow in the United States?

The USDA introduced Jamun trees to Florida in 1911; they are now banned in Sanibel, Florida (zone 10a). Indian jamun trees reach 35′ tall and bear fruit continuously for 60-70 years.

Are there any side effects associated with jamun?

Constipation can result from overdoing jamun, despite its supposed digestive benefits. In case you are prone to acne, you should avoid eating jamun excessively. Skin problems such as pimples may result from it.

Jamun varieties: which one is best?

Raja Jamun 

India prefers this variety of Jamun. Dark purple, large, oblong fruits are the hallmarks of this variety. Fruits of this species have small kernels. Upon ripening, the fruit becomes juicy and sweet.

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